Author Archives: Lai, Chee Siew

About Lai, Chee Siew

Former CEO of Esri Malaysia. Currently taking a career break, for a longer journey ahead.

GIS – Science of Where to Visualize and Analyze IoT

GIS as Science of Where to Visualize & Analyze your IoT

Recently I was fascinated by an infographic outlining facts and statistics about Internet of Things or IoT. It was projected IoT connections will grow to 50 billion by 2020, from about 28 billion connected devices currently. While I am not a subject matter expert in IoT, I am particularly interested to see how GIS fits into the larger scheme of IoT.

According to Gartner, IoT is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate and interact with their internal states or the external environment. A search on Wikipedia defines IoT as the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as “connected devices” and “smart devices”), buildings, and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data. IoT is fueled by consumerization of IT user behavior, pervasiveness of smart devices, fast/reliable internet connectivity and advancement in computing power.

In layman term, IoT is referring to a system of smart devices that are connected and communicated with each other in internet. By and large, this real time or almost real time information exchange between/among devices, (combine with proper human and artificial intelligence) shall help promote better decision making and process optimization from individual to national security level.

Gartner also identified top 10 technologies that will enable organizations to unlock the full potential of IoT in 2017 & 2018. Among the IoT technologies that will have a very broad impact on organizations business strategy is IoT Analytics – an IoT business models that will exploit large, converged information collected by integrated “things” or “sensors” and empower users with more understanding (i.e. to understand customer footfall shopping behavior) and better decision making (i.e. to choose the best route for service delivery).

This reminds me of a favorite quote from Richard Saul Wurman, Founder of TED – “understanding precedes action”.  With so many proliferation of “things”, it is no doubt crucial for us to be able to track all these assets, collate and analyze their information feeds, understand them before taking meaningful actions to take advantage of this convergence of IoT. This is where I reckon GIS as “Science of Where” will fits in the larger scheme of IoT.

GIS or Geographical Information System allows us to capture, analyze and present our data spatially in a map. GIS allows us to make better decision by applying geography, which in essence is science of where. GIS enables us to organize our information geographically, provide insights through powerful spatial analytics, and visualize these information dynamically on our smart devices.

Modern enterprise GIS is equipped with robust data integration capability and powerful geospatial analytic that allow users to collect, use, analyze, share information products anywhere, anytime on any devices. In my opinion, GIS will enhance IoT beyond capability as “system of record” for just data storage and management into a “system of insight” and “system of engagement”. GIS will complement IoT to create a system of systems or in IoT context – system of things by allowing users to:-

  1. Track and visualize location of their IoT assets
  2. Understand relationship between different “things”
  3. Visualize and understand the trends/patterns among IoT assets
  4. Pinpoint location where and when something happened
  5. Isolate noises and reveal relevant information for better decision making

GIS will empower users of IoT to discover, use, make, share geo-information products on any devices, anywhere and anytime. Hence I am convinced GIS fits well in the overall fabric of IoT. GIS can and will complement IoT with its powerful visualization and analytic which in turn will help to address information anxiety among IoT users.

“Information anxiety is the black hole between data and knowledge, between what we understand and what we think we should understand, and it happens when information doesn’t tell us what we want or need to know.” – Richard Saul Wurman, TED Founder


Equip Our Team with Operating Capability (Not Just Latest Technology)

Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime Chinese Proverb




Similar to the proverb above, we all know that give a man a fast boat or an expensive fishing rod wouldn’t help if teaching him to fish is not part of the package. Yet this conventional wisdom is oftentimes being ignored in technology implementations. As a result of that, many good projects were subsequently abandoned because lacked of funding allocation for continuous maintenance and training.

Sounds familiar? While future proofing our technology equipment is important but we wouldn’t able to benefit much without continuous human resource development.  Although many current practices put Transfer of Technology (ToT) in initial project implementation but this one-off initiative oftentimes become the hairline crack that eventually sink the mightiest ship. The results: we often realized too late, spearheading human operating capability is still very much an on-going battle, long after acquiring the greatest technologies.

Among the reasons that warrant this on-going efforts by setting aside annual training budget are:-

  • People movement due to job transfer, retirement or new team members on-board
  • New technology versions/releases might cause previous workflow to be obsolete or irrelevant
  • New innovations/inventions that can be embedded to enhance efficiency and save time/cost
  • Take full advantage of latest configuration/integration capabilities

Formula to ensure continuous success of GIS implementation is to ensure both technology and operating capability is updated/maintained persistently. Equipping our team with the right operating capabilities deserved constant attention of all senior executives that want to make a difference.

When I was leading Esri Malaysia team, continuously equipping my team with relevant capabilities and guide them to excel in whatever they do is one of the most rewarding effort that propelled the company into spectacles growth trajectory. A trained and competent team is always more motivated, confident and committed to undertake new challenges. I suggest all senior executives shall put utmost emphasis on up-keeping operating capability for their team in order to fully leverage and maximize their ROI on technology investments.

This writer hopes to see more organizations will allocate annual training budget to equip their team with relevant operating capabilities. How about an acid test for all: “How much have we set aside our budget for operating capability training this year?”

Disaster Response Mapping Program – Being Prepared for Unexpected


Few pictures showing flooded roads and trapped cars in East Coast caught my attention this morning. It was reported, tens of thousands of flood victims taking temporary shelter at evacuation centers amidst this unusually late monsoon session that brings heavy rainfall.

A few years ago, I met up with Chris McIntosh, head of Esri Disaster Response Program and Industry Manager for Disaster/Emergency Management based in Redlands, California. He has a lot of experience in applying advanced geospatial technology to issues faced by the public safety community.

He taught me a very valuable lesson I reckon is worth repeating and sharing. Speaking from his experience, he says “we cannot predict when emergency strikes, but we can choose to be prepared”. From information management perspective, being prepared means having ready access to information products that can be disseminated to commander, rescuers from multi-agencies with meaningful map products (both hard and softcopy) anywhere, anytime, on any devices.

This normally involved having necessary hardware, software, data, workflow and capability before disaster strikes in order to response agilely and rapidly to emergency situations. This can be in the form of drills or exercises involving multiple relevant agencies in coordinating, sharing and producing meaningful information products in the events of emergency. Post-mortem discussion to refine our shortcomings in improving coordination, data quality, workflow and technical capability surely will make us more ready when unfortunate situation strikes. We can’t really create times, but being prepared allows us to shorten our response time which in turn means more time to save valuable lives and properties.

We do not need repeated disasters to remind us of our shortcomings. Let’s be prepared before next disaster strikes again. This is not a matter of “if”, it is a matter of “when”.

Chris is absolutely right, we can’t predict the timing of unexpected, but we can choose to be prepared.

This writer hopes there will be a Disaster Response Mapping Program at national level in Malaysia that will able to render quick respond services support to those involve in disaster/emergency management.

Life Reflection: 3As – Accept, Adapt & Accomplish


This sharing has nothing to do with GIS but might help you to excel in all your undertakings.

I had a great time taking my time off at Pangkor Island recently. I am not a good swimmer but didn’t want to miss the chance to soak in nice warm sea water off Teluk Nipah beach. While I was standing at neck deep water facing the ocean, I was pounded by countless rounds of wave. I was a bit overwhelmed but the soonest I turned my back around, the waves were no longer heading my way. In fact they became a continuous force behind of me that pushing me forward. From that moment on, I am no longer facing the force head-on but it passes me and fades way.

I have a few realizations at that defining moment. It all boils down to my perspective:-

  1. Accept: I can choose to see the wave is heading my way or it just passes me by, pushing me forward.
  2. Adapt: I can take control of the situation by adjusting my position
  3. Accomplish: I can turn the obstacle into reckoning force that gives me an extra edge to my advantage.

This writer hopes at any testing time, we will remember to accept, adapt and accomplish in all our undertakings.

What Do I Missed The Most?

My favorite Esri Malaysia team

My favorite Esri Malaysia team

During my final week at Esri Malaysia, a few of my friends asked what will I missed the most after resigning.

My reply at that moment was “I will missed my team”.

Fast forward, I am glad I accepted the request to extend my last day until after completion of 2016 Esri Malaysia User Conference. After witnessing the team’s spectacular performance on/off stage, I would like to add-on to what I will missed…

“I will missed my super-charged, fantastic team that always push the envelope and delivered”

Thanks for the all fun, Esri Malaysia team.

This writer reckons he had the easiest job in the company. All he needs to do is put the right people at the right place and make sure they are happy.

Necessary Abandonment to Free Up Valuable Times and Resources

Recently a dear friend visited me and his first impression about my house was “neat”. I politely thanked him and explained because I don’t have much “stuff” in my house. I was not kidding. Due to my previous project-based job nature, I was always on the move – average once every 2 – 3 years for the last 15 years! Hence I don’t have much chance to keep “stuff” and I am quite okay with that.

I practice the same housekeeping habit at my workplace. Within my authority level, I regularly probe and challenge my team to improve existing processes and procedures. I will ask those that prepared, send, received, and hopefully used these reports – what’s the purpose of these processes or procedures, is it effective in achieving its intended objectives, and is it still relevant at this juncture. Surprisingly or not surprisingly, there are many that can’t provide satisfactory answers for these simple questions. Have you done similar probing exercise before? If not, I suggest you give it a try today.

From my experience, a lot of these “stuff” are still in place because no one initiated housekeeping exercise to clean them up. Our staff were told to follow these practices when they first started their job and continued to do so because “that’s how we do things here”. Does this sound familiar?

One thing I know very well – we shall practice abandonment to free up valuable times and resources. As a responsible leader, it is unfair to expect our staff to take on additional tasks without helping them to “make time” through abandoning obsolete processes and practices.

Regular housekeeping will force us to abandon items that we seldom use and make rooms for more important “stuff”. Office housekeeping will help us to free up our valuable time as well as limited resources for continuous improvements, thus allowing us to do more with less.

This writer hopes we will help our staff to achieve work-life balance by asking regular housekeeping questions i.e what is this for, for who, why is it needed, any positive outcome achieved, how can we make these better?

Happy GIS Day 2016

GIS Day 2016.jpg

We celebrate GIS Day today and every 2nd Wednesday of November annually.

I am a strong believer that spreading GIS thinking is an everyday effort, however having a GIS Day is a fantastic idea to promote more public awareness about applying geography in everything we do.

Along with Esri Malaysia’s efforts, nowadays GIS Day is celebrated by many prominent agencies in Malaysia i.e. NSDI agency (MaCGDI), National Hydrographic Center (PHN), various state GIS agencies, etc.

For me GIS Day is a day to recognize tireless effort by many unsung geo-mentor heroes and motivate many more GIS practitioners to hang on and thrive.

Great job to all that work tirelessly in using GIS solutions to make a difference.

Happy GIS Day 2016. Let’s continue to spread the idea of applying geography to all.

This writer hopes more enterprises, agencies, universities, non-profit organizations, etc in Malaysia and this region are joining the bandwagon in celebrating GIS Day.